CITY TOUR CUSCO
The City Tour in the city of Cusco, takes place in a half day tour includes visit Inca and colonial constructions, two of them are within the city and four out of the city, during the tour we will see the imposing construction of renaissance architecture embodied in the Basilica Cathedral of Cusco, The Qoricancha, old main temple of the sun, Saqsayhuaman, known as the second most important place in the Tawantinsuyo, Quenqo Puca Pucara, y Tambomachay.
This tour begins with a visit to the Basilica Cathedral of Cusco, impressive Colonial building, another of the most important places to visit is the Qoricancha, old main Inca temple, and following up with our tour we go toward Saqsayhuaman, Quenqo, Puca Pucara and Tambomachay. Finish this fabulous tour in the city of Cusco.
The Basilica Cathedral of Cusco.-
The Basilica Cathedral Cusco is currently the main temple of the Catholic faithful of this city, it was built during 1560 and 1665 with stone, many of them were extracted from places close to the area, also had to reuse rocks brought from the Inca complex Saqsayhuaman;
After the Spanish conquest, started with the construction of the first cathedral in the Capital of the Inca state in 1539, called "La Sagrada Familia", this first temple was built on the foundations of a royal Inca palace, which belonged to the Inca Wiracocha; time after it had to expand the construction being this first as an auxiliary Temple of the Cathedral.
In the interior of the Cathedral can appreciate beautiful pre-columbian decorated, wood altars covered with gold leaf, and many paintings from the Cusqueña school that make this a worthy place to be appreciated.
Qoricancha - Old main temple of the Tawantinsuyo.
Qoricancha, the most important temple of the vast territory of the Tawantinsuyo, was built in the Capital of the Incas; this beautiful temple was commanded to build by the ninth Inca Pachacuteq, after the victory over the Chancas, its more dangerous rivals.
Qoricancha comes from two Quechua words "Qori" which means gold and "Cancha" meaning enclosure, according to the chroniclers of the time, this denomination was because it was covered with sheets of gold simulating the Sun, built as a temple to worship the Sun. It also to pay worship to other Incan deities as the Rainbow, Thunder, The Stars and the Moon. After the Spaniards began the destruction of all important temples of the Incas, then on them were built Catholic convents. That is why on the Temple of Qoricancha was built the convent of Santo Domingo.
Saqsayhuaman is an archaeological group of the Inca architecture that was built in the north of the Plaza de Armas of Cusco, is undoubtedly one of the one of the more impressive Inca constructions that can be appreciated close to the city of Cusco. Saqsayhuaman is a Quechua word that means falcon sated. Its construction is very peculiar, was built with huge blocks of limestone rock, and that is where the question arises, how could be transferred these giant rocks? How they fit so perfectly?, since they are united with an almost inexplicable precision.
According to studies, Cusco was well defined by two sectors, the Urin Qosqo (Cuzco below) whose main temple was the Qoricancha, and Hanan Qosqo (Cuzco above) whose main temple would have been Saqsayhuaman.
For many years Saqsayhuaman was known as a Fortress, because during the civil war between the Spanish and Incas Saqsayhuaman where the Incas warriors took refuge and armed his first rebellion making this a Fortress.
Qenqo - Puca Pucara.-
Tambomachay. Almost culminating the city tour, we lead toward three very interesting archaeological zones, the first is known as Qenqo. The first-born name of this area has lost with going on from the time, nowadays it is known like Quenqo, that in the Quechua language means zic zac, the name refers to the form of its construction in the shape of labyrinth, having several narrow passages, probably this sector has been a clearly religious place, since inside it is possible to appreciate a ceremonial table worked in stone. The Andean belief crossed the limits of death, since they were aware that death was just one more step in the life of man, is for that reason that had embalming their dead to bring these to the next stage of life after death; the v of the Quenqo rocks show that in this place were embalmed ancient Inca dead, although it could also serve as a place of camelids sacrifices to the Andean ceremonies.
located a few meters of Qenqo, comes from a Quechua word that means red fortress, its rocks are red,. According to the chronicles of that time Puca pucara was a checkpoint for admission to the Sacred Valley of the Incas, because in this area was kept to a strict control of all visitors to the capital of the Inca state.
was a place where they worshiped The Water, since water played a very important role in the Inca empire, water is a symbol of purity, and here the Inca and the Andean priests realized in their corporal and spiritual purifications.